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Italy risk factors

England and Wales risk factors

Scotland risk factors

Age

Arsenic, metals, fibres and dusts

Arsenic

An article about Arsenic in Scotland : http://www.trace-elements.co.uk/arsenic.asp

Cadmium

An article about Cadmium in Scotland : http://www.trace-elements.co.uk/cadmium.asp

Chromium

An article about Chromium in Scotland : http://www.trace-elements.co.uk/chromium.asp

Nickel

An article about Nickel in Scotland : http://www.soils-scotland.gov.uk/context/metal

Habits

Tobacco smoking by age and gender

A study of the scottish public health observatory : http://www.scotpho.org.uk/behaviour/tobacco-use/data/adult-smoking-in-scotland see chart 2

Secondhand tobacco smoke

According to an article of ASH Scotland, Adults second-hand smoke exposure in the home was 18% in 2012 and 12% of children under 16 in Scotland report exposure to smoke in their home, representing approximately 100,000 children : http://www.ashscotland.org.uk/media/5980/Smoking_in_Scotland_Jan2014.pdf

Alcohol consumption by age and gender

http://www.wsta.co.uk/publications-useful-documents/88-trends-in-alcohol-scotland/file see page 8

Obesity

A study of the scottish public health observatory : http://www.scotpho.org.uk/clinical-risk-factors/obesity/data/data-introduction

BMI for adults and childrens

Men BMI, prevalence of overweight and obesity, 1995 to 2013 by age File:BMI men.png

Women BMI, prevalence of overweight and obesity, 1995 to 2013 by age File:Women BMI.png

Boy's body mass index (BMI), 1998 to 2013, by age and sex File:Boy's BMI.png

Girl's body mass index (BMI), 1998 to 2013, by age and sex File:Girl's BMI.png

Diet

Vitamin D

A study of the scottish public health observatory : http://www.scotpho.org.uk/life-circumstances/vitamin-d/data

Calcium

Average daily intake of selected micronutrients from food sources : File:calcium.png

Hormones

Being older at first pregnancy

Maternities by maternal age : http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Maternity-and-Births/Publications/data-tables.asp download the third file

Infectious Agents

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)

On the 30th june the population in Scotland was 5,347,600 and there is 50,000 persons who have been infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) : http://www.scotpho.org.uk/health-wellbeing-and-disease/hepatitis-c/data/data-on-hepatitis-c

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

While precise estimates of the number of people living in Scotland with chronic hepatitis B infection are unavailable, preliminary work indicates that the number lies within the 5000-15,000 range and the majority of infected individuals will be of Asian, African or East European ethnicity, areas with a high prevalence of hepatitis B infection : http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/08/24085708/8

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Depending to this article, there is 4995 diagnosed HIV-infected persons living in Scotland : http://www.hivscotland.com/info-centre/data-and-research/statistics/

Schistosoma haematobium

159 episodes of Schistosoma infection were reported in 2013. The great majority of these infections were non-speciated having been detected by serological testing. Of the two episodes that were speciated, one was Schistosoma haematobium and one was S. mansoni. In 2012, there were 146 reported episodes of Schistosoma infection, of which two were speciated as S. haematobium. http://www.hps.scot.nhs.uk/travel/wrdetail.aspx?id=57195&wrtype=6

Radiation

Radon

Radon in Scotland, 2008 review and atlas : https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/340104/HPA-RPD-051_for_website_with_security.pdfsee page 49, table C2